Jury duty. Employers are prohibited from firing an employee who takes time off to serve as a juror. Employers are likewise prohibited from requiring the employee to use annual, vacation, or sick leave time during the absence. Employers that violate these provisions may be fined up to $1,000 (MD Code Courts Art. Secs. 8-501, 8-502).
Occupational exemptions from jury duty have been eliminated in Maryland. If the dates of a particular employee's jury service are detrimental to a business, an employer may request in writing to the jury clerk that the service be postponed for specific reasons. Only one postponement is usually granted. There is information for employers about jury service available at http://www.courts.state.md.us
Jury Service Act. Effective October 1, 2012, the Jury Service Act prohibits employers from discharging, coercing, intimidating, or threatening to discharge an employee who misses work because he or she was called for jury duty. The law protects employees who serve 4 or more hours of jury duty on any given day, including travel time, and prohibits employers from requiring employees to return to work that day. Employers may not require employees serving a half day or more of jury duty to report back to work at the conclusion of their jury service for the day. If an employee wants to return to work, there is no prohibition against it. Employers cannot make a pay deduction for absences of a salaried exempt employee who is called for jury duty or serves as a witness in a trial. However, they may offset any compensation the exempt employee receives as jury or witness fees against the salary he or she is owed for that particular week. An employer that fails to comply with the law can face a ...