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Sick Leave: What you need to know

There is no federal law requiring employers to provide employees paid sick leave--a short-term salary-continuation program for employees absent because of a non-job-related illness or injury--but most employers do provide it as an important employee benefit. Employers establishing or amending a sick leave policy should consider other disability income policies, how unused sick leave should be addressed, liability for sick leave, and general discrimination issues. When adopting a policy, employers must be sure that it fully complies with federal or state family/medical leave laws, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and any other applicable laws. There are many alternatives to standard sick leave policies, including flexible leave policies, no-fault attendance policies, leave donation programs, and paid-time-off banks.
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A growing number of states and municipalities are legislating paid sick leave laws applicable to employers that do business within state or municipal jurisdictions.
Employers that offer paid sick leave usually require as a prerequisite that employees be employed for a certain minimum period, typically 3 to 6 months, before becoming eligible to take sick leave. Most employers use the “accrual” method of calculating sick time, in which employees earn a certain number of hours or days for each month worked, up to a fixed number of days annually.
Disability policies. After the sick leave period, an employee might need to go on short-term disability, an insured (or self-insured) program that pays a partial salary for a longer period than company-funded sick leave. If the illness or injury is further extended, some ...

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Sick Leave Resources

TypeTitle
Forms Paid Time Off (PTO)
White Papers Working While Sick: Not Smart

Sick Leave Products

HR Redi2Use Form: Military Leave of Absence

This is your answer to document employee leave requests. A proven, prewritten form that covers specific policy situation exactly when you need it. "
HR Redi2Use Form: Sick Leave

This is your answer to document employee leave requests. A proven, prewritten form that covers specific policy situation exactly when you need it. "
Pay and Benefits Rules for Employees on Leave Recording
BLR Webinar: "Pay and Benefits Rules for Employees on Leave: Incentive-Based Comp, PTO, Insurance Premiums, and More""
Solving PTO Problems Webinar Recording
Solving PTO Problems: How to Reduce Unscheduled Absences Without Alienating Employees or Violating the Law"
FMLA Abuse Prevention for HR Webinar Recording
BLR Webinar: "FMLA Abuse Prevention for HR: How to Combat Chronic Call-Ins and Fraud""
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Claim Your Free Copy of Top 100 FLSA Overtime Q&As

We’ve compiled a list of the 100 most commonly asked questions we have received on the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) overtime regulations.
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This report, "Top 100 FLSA Q&As", is designed to provide you with an examination of the federal FLSA overtime regulations in Q&A format, including valuable tips for bringing your workplace into compliance in an affordable manner.

At the end of the report, you will find a list of state resources on wage and hour issues. This report includes practical advice on topics such as:
  • FLSA Coverage: How FLSA regulations apply to all employers and any specific exemptions from the overtime requirements
  • Salary Level: Qualifying for exemptions and nonexempt employees
  • Deductions from Pay: Deducting for violations, disciplinary reasons, sick leave, or personal leave


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