Federal wage and hour law does not mandate that employees be given either paid or unpaid rest or meal periods. State law determines when breaks and meal periods are required. Ohio has provisions requiring meal or rest breaks for minors.
U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division regulations do specify when work breaks including meal periods, rest periods, and sleeping time that, if provided, must be counted as work time subject to federal minimum wage and overtime requirements (29 CFR 785.18 through 785.23).
Railroads. A company operating a railroad over 30 miles in length or an interurban railroad or street railway over 4 miles in length must provide a conductor, engineer, fireman, brakeman, or trainman on a train; a telegraph operator; or a conductor or motorman on a street railway who has worked for 15 consecutive hours at least 8 hours of rest before returning to duty. There is an exception in cases of detention of trains or cars caused by an accident. These companies must regulate the hours of employment of their employees so that each employee has at least 8 consecutive hours of rest in each 24-hour period (OH Rev. Code Sec. 4973.11).