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Vermont Equal Pay Acts: What you need to know

The Vermont Fair Employment Practices Act prohibits employers from discriminating in wages solely on the basis of sex for work that requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility and is performed under similar working conditions (VT Stat. Tit. 21 Sec. 495 et seq.). A difference in wages is lawful if it is based on:
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• A seniority system
• A merit system
• A system in which earnings are based on quantity or quality of production
• A bona fide factor other than sex
Effective July 1, 2013, an employer that relies on a bona fide factor other than sex to explain a wage differential must be able to show that the factor:
• Does not perpetuate a sex-based differential in compensation,
• Is job-related with respect to the position in question, and
• Is based on a legitimate business consideration.
The law applies to all public and private employers in the state, including employment agencies and labor unions.
Employers are prohibited from reducing any employee's wage rate in order to comply with the law.
It is unlawful for an employer to:
• Require employees to refrain from disclosing or discussing the amount of their wages or from asking about or discussing the wages of other employees, and
• Require an employee to sign a waiver of his or her right to discuss wages.
Employers are prohibited from making employment conditional on an applicant's or employee's agreement not to disclose or discuss his or her wages (VT Stat. Tit. 21 Sec. 495(8)(B)).
Retaliation is prohibited against an employee who actually has, or is perceived to have, disclosed or discussed wage information. The law allows employers to prohibit disclosure of employees' wage information by a human resources manager.
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Vermont Equal Pay Acts Resources

Equal Pay Acts Products

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This report, "Top 100 FLSA Q&As", is designed to provide you with an examination of the federal FLSA overtime regulations in Q&A format, including valuable tips for bringing your workplace into compliance in an affordable manner.

At the end of the report, you will find a list of state resources on wage and hour issues. This report includes practical advice on topics such as:
  • FLSA Coverage: How FLSA regulations apply to all employers and any specific exemptions from the overtime requirements
  • Salary Level: Qualifying for exemptions and nonexempt employees
  • Deductions from Pay: Deducting for violations, disciplinary reasons, sick leave, or personal leave

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