Louisiana recognizes several exceptions to the doctrine of at-will employment. Specifically, state law prohibits employers from discharging employees for engaging in the following activities:
Child abuse reporting. Louisiana employers are prohibited from discharging, demoting, suspending, threatening, harassing, or otherwise discriminating against employees who lawfully report the sexual abuse of a minor child by a fellow employee (e.g., a coworker, supervisor, or subordinate) to law enforcement. Additionally, employees who suffer from discrimination or retaliation for reporting such abuse can bring a suit against their employers for damages and may be entitled to triple damages, court costs, and attorneys’ fees if they win (LA Rev. Stat. Sec. 23:968).
Jury duty. It is illegal to terminate an employee for being called to serve or presently serving on a jury (LA Rev. Stat. Sec. 23:965).
Military service. It is illegal to discriminate against employees for being members of the uniformed services, defined as the U.S. armed forces, reserves, National Guard, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service, and any other category of persons designated by the president in time of war or emergency. The law also prohibits an employer from taking adverse employment action against any person ...