Jury duty. Employers may not threaten, discipline, or discharge an employee who has been summoned for jury service, serves as a juror, attends court for prospective jury service, or is summoned or required to testify as a witness (ND Cent. Code Sec. 27-09.1-17).
Off-duty conduct. Under North Dakota law, an employee's off-duty conduct is considered a private matter. As such, it is illegal for employers to discriminate against employees on the basis of their participation in lawful activities on their own time away from the workplace, as long as the activity is not in direct conflict with the essential business-related interests of the employer (ND Cent. Code Sec. 14-02.4-01).
Smoking. Employers are prohibited from discharging, refusing to hire, or retaliating against an employee or applicant because he or she has exercised any rights under the state's smoking law or reported a violation of the law (ND Cent. Code Sec. 23-12-10).
Wage and hour law. It is unlawful to retaliate against an employee because the employee has testified, is about to testify, or because the employer believes the employee will testify in an investigation or proceeding conducted under wage and hour laws (ND Cent. Code Sec. 34-06-18).
Whistleblowing. North Dakota law prohibits employers from disciplining or discharging employees in retaliation for exercising certain ...