STATE REGULATORY AGENCY
In Connecticut, the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is the counterpart to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). DEP is responsible for protecting Connecticut's land, water, and air from pollution. Connecticut has been delegated authority by EPA to administer and enforce regulatory programs for air emissions, water quality, and waste management. Various state regulatory requirements are more stringent than corresponding federal requirements. The federal government regulates workplace safety and hazard communication in the private sector, with some reporting requirements administered by state agencies.
AIR QUALITY RULES
Connecticut's air program is shaped by its state implementation plan (SIP), which sets forth basic strategies for implementation, maintenance, and enforcement of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). As mandated by the federal Clean Air Act (CAA), each state must adopt and submit a SIP to EPA for approval. Connecticut's SIP was officially submitted to EPA in March 1972 and is frequently amended to comply with the 1990 CAA amendments. The SIP focuses on permitting, nonattainment areas, hazardous air pollutants, and numerous other air-related programs.
DEP's Bureau of Air Management is responsible for administering and enforcing Connecticut's air pollution rules. In addition, DEP has established a SIP Revision Advisory Committee (SIPRAC) to assist in the development of control strategies and to serve as a sounding board for proposals. SIPRAC is made up of representatives from the business community, civic organizations, environmental groups, and various affected government agencies.
WATER QUALITY RULES
Connecticut is authorized to administer the federal National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program for discharges of pollutants to navigable waters from point sources. The state also requires a permit for any discharge of water, substance, or material into state waters.