South Carolina Environment - General: What you need to know

Overview of South Carolina's Environmental Rules


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In South Carolina, the counterpart to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC). DHEC is responsible for protecting South Carolina's land, water, and air from pollution. South Carolina has received authorization from EPA to implement federal regulations that govern state air and water quality, as well as waste processing and management. The state has adopted rules for stormwater management, wetlands protection, animal feeding operations, groundwater permits, underground storage tanks (USTs), hazardous waste management, and solid waste management that are stricter than federal requirements. South Carolina has adopted all of the standards and requirements of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act, including its Hazard Communication Standard.


South Carolina's air program is shaped by its state implementation plan (SIP), which sets forth basic strategies for implementation, maintenance, and enforcement of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). As mandated by the federal Clean Air Act (CAA), each state must adopt and submit a SIP to EPA for approval. South Carolina's SIP was officially submitted to EPA in January 1972 and is frequently amended to comply with the 1990 CAA amendments. The SIP focuses on permitting, emission standards, HAPs, and various other air-related requirements.

DHEC's Bureau of Air Quality is responsible for administering and enforcing South Carolina's air quality rules.


South Carolina generally follows the federal regulations for its water pollution permitting program. However, the state also has ...

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This special report contains a recordkeeping checklist to help you keep track of your records for major environmental laws and OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard.

Also included are 3 useful tables which provide:
  • A summary listing of federal environmental recordkeeping requirements
  • A list of federal safety recordkeeping requirements.
  • A list of federal recordkeeping requirements for DOT and the Department of Homeland Security as they apply to hazardous material transporters and chemical facilities.
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