Governing Law and Regulations
North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. North Carolina follows the federal financial responsibility standards, with additional requirements for solid waste landfills, underground injection wells, underground storage tanks (USTs), and hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs).
Refer to Table in this section for a summary of state financial responsibility requirements.
• Administration and enforcement. DENR administers and enforces the state's financial responsibility rules.
In North Carolina, there are several financial assurance mechanisms that owners or operators may use alone, or in combination, to demonstrate that they meet financial responsibility requirements sufficient to cover costs of cleanup of environmental damage caused by a spill or a leak, and third-party claims of personal injury or property damage.
Although specific rules should be reviewed to determine allowable instruments, generally, financial mechanisms include:
- Trust Fund
- Surety Bond
- Letter of Credit
- Financial Test
- State Funds
See the national section FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY for an overview of these financial mechanisms.