North Carolina Pollution Prevention: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, 42 USC 13101 to 13109

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Pollution Prevention Pays program: North Carolina General Statutes (N.C. Gen. Stat.) 113-8.01

Regulatory Agencies

North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Environmental Assistance and Customer Service (DEACS)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina does not have required pollution prevention (P2) rules. The Division of Environmental Assistance and Customer Service (DEACS) provides P2 assistance through the voluntary Environmental Stewardship Initiative (ESI).

Administration and enforcement. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers the federal P2 rules in North Carolina.

State Requirements

The DEACS provides free assistance on services, including:

  • Recycling and waste reduction assistance;
  • Environmental technical and permit assistance;
  • Free on-site energy and water use audits;
  • Small business advocacy;
  • Facilitation of financing and tax credits for recycling businesses;
  • Coordination of exchange markets for reusable materials;
  • Express permitting coordination; and
  • Development of sustainability plans and environmental management systems (EMSs).


DEQ's ESI is a voluntary program designed to promote and encourage superior environmental performance in the regulated community. The program provides technical assistance and networking opportunities to stimulate the development and implementation of programs that use P2 and innovative approaches to meet and go beyond regulatory requirements. The program ...

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More on this topic:

Governing Law and Regulations
Regulatory Agencies
Comparison: State vs. Federal
State Requirements

State Requirements

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North Carolina Pollution Prevention Resources

Pollution Prevention Products

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