Sampling: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Air samples: 40 CFR 60 to 64

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New source performance standards: 40 CFR 60

National emission standards for hazardous air pollutants: 40 CFR 61 and 40 CFR 63

Compliance assurance monitoring: 40 CFR 64

Stack testing and continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS): 40 CFR 60.1300 and Table 4 and Table 5 of Subpart AAAA to 40 CFR 60

Indoor air sampling: 29 CFR 1910.1000, 29 CFR 1926.1101, Appendix B

Waste material samples: 40 CFR 261 to 265

Hazardous waste determination: 40 CFR 261.4, 40 CFR 261.20, and 40 CFR 261, Appendix I

Hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDF): 40 CFR 264.13, 40 CFR 264.1034, 40 CFR 265.13, and 40 CFR 265.1034

TSDF groundwater and soil sampling: 40 CFR 264.97 to 264.99, 264.278, 265.90 to 265.94, and 265.278

Water samples: 40 CFR 401 to 471

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) effluent guidelines and standards: 40 CFR 401 to 471, and 40 CFR 403, Appendix E

Drinking water standards: 40 CFR 141

Sampling revisions: 40 CFR 122, 40 CFR 136, 40 CFR 141, and 40 CFR 143

Toxic Substances:

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB): 40 CFR 761.61, 40 CFR 761.130, 40 CFR 761.240 to 761.398, and 40 CFR 761.380 to 761.398

Halogenated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans: 40 CFR 766.1 to 766.38

Regulatory Agencies

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.



A "sample" is defined as a piece of a whole that is selected to represent the quality and nature of the whole. Environmental samples are collected for practical and regulatory reasons, as the inspection of the whole may be too time consuming and expensive for ...

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More on this topic:

Governing Law and Regulations
Regulatory Agencies
Types of Samples and Procedures
General Requirements
Additional Guidance
Guidance Documents

Sampling Resources

Sampling Products

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