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Decontamination : What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

EPA requirements:

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Pesticide workers and handlers: 40 CFR 170.150 and 40 CFR 170.250

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB): 40 CFR 761.79 and 40 CFR 761.378

Treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDF): 40 CFR 264

OSHA requirements:

Asbestos (installation, use, and removal activities): 29 CFR 1926.1101

Bloodborne pathogens: 29 CFR 1910.1030

Hazardous waste operations and emergency response (HAZWOPER): 29 CFR 1910.120 (general industry) and 29 CFR 1926.65 (construction)

Respiratory protection: 29 CFR 1910.134(h)

General sanitation: 29 CFR 1910.141

Regulatory Agencies

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

Overview

This section covers regulatory requirements of decontamination for hazardous substances and bloodborne pathogens. It does not cover decontamination for biological, radiological, or nuclear agents or substances, nor does it cover decontamination of populations following a disaster or terrorist attack.

The purpose of the decontamination rules is to:

  • Protect public health and the environment.
  • Protect employees from injury or illness.

"Decontamination" refers to the removal of unwanted material from facilities, soils, people, or equipment by washing, chemical action, mechanical cleansing, or other techniques. It is a process of treatment that renders a surface or object safe to handle, use, or dispose of safely.

EPA and OSHA have adopted decontamination-related regulations for the following substances and related activities, which are described in this section:

  • Asbestos
  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Emergency response to spills or releases of hazardous substances
  • Hazardous waste handling and disposal

>> Read more about Decontamination

Decontamination Resources

Decontamination Products

HAZWOPER: Donning/Doffing/Decontamination Training DVD
Designed to meet training requirements of subject title. Describes how to don chemical protective clothing, how to properly remove it, and decontamination procedures. Includes actual HAZWOPER footage of proper decontamination from real life situations."
HAZWOPER: Donning/Doffing/Decontamination- Spanish Training Video
Required training for emergency responders. Designed to lay the groundwork for a variety of HAZWOPER skills, including the definitions of TLV, TWA, TLV-C, methods of exposure, dusts, fumes, gases, compressed gas cylinders, and more. Can be used to train personnel in HAZWOPER or general safety relating to hazardous waste and chemicals.-Spanish Edition"
HAZWOPER Interactive Video Training: Donning/Doffing
Complete process of donning/doffing and decontamination procedures."
HAZWOPER: Site Safety & Health Plan-Spanish Training Video
Designed to meet training requirements of subject title. Describes how to don chemical protective clothing, how to properly remove it, and decontamination procedures. Includes actual HAZWOPER footage of proper decontamination from real life situations. -Spanish Edition"
Complete Hazwoper Interactive Video Training Library
Cover your HAZWOPER Training requirements with the complete series of eight titles."
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This special report contains a recordkeeping checklist to help you keep track of your records for major environmental laws and OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard.

Also included are 3 useful tables which provide:
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