Landfills: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 42 USC 6924

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Hazardous waste landfill design, construction, and operation standards: 40 CFR 264.300 to 264.317 and 40 CFR 265.300 to 265.316 (interim status)

Landfill design and construction specified in the permit: 40 CFR 264.301(k)

Run-on and runoff systems: 40 CFR 264.301(g) to 264.301(i) and 40 CFR 265.301(f) to 265.301(h) (interim status)

Wind dispersal: 40 CFR 264.301(j) and 40 CFR 265.301(i) (interim status)


Requirement: 40 CFR 264.301(a) to 264.301(f) and 40 CFR 265.301(a) to 265.301(e) (interim status)

Double liners: 40 CFR 264.301(c) and 40 CFR 265.301 (interim status)

Double-liner exemptions: 40 CFR 264.301(e) and 40 CFR 264.301(f); 40 CFR 265.301(d) and 40 CFR 265.301(e) (interim status)


Permit requirement for documentation: 40 CFR 270.21(b)

Liner construction quality assurance (CQA) plan: 40 CFR 264.19 and 40 CFR 265.19 (interim status)

Response action plan: 40 CFR 264.304 and 40 CFR 265.303 (interim status)

Monitoring and inspection: 40 CFR 264.303 and 40 CFR 265.304 (interim status)

Surveying and recordkeeping: 40 CFR 264.303(c)(1) and 40 CFR 264.309; 40 CFR 265.304(a) and 40 CFR 265.309 (interim status)

Requirements for landfilled containers: 40 CFR 264.315 and 40 CFR 265.315 (interim status)

Special wastes:

Ignitable or reactive wastes: 40 CFR 264.312 and 40 CFR 265.312 (interim status)

Incompatible wastes: 40 CFR 264.313 and 40 CFR 265.313 (interim status)

Dioxin-containing wastes: 40 CFR 264.317

Solid (nonhazardous) wastes: 40 CFR 264.314(e) and 40 CFR 265.314(f) (interim status)

Bulk and containerized wastes: 40 CFR 264.314 and 40 CFR 265.314 (interim status)

Land ban rules for lab packs: 40 CFR 264.316(f) and 40 CFR ...

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State Requirements

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Landfills Resources

Landfills Products

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This special report contains a recordkeeping checklist to help you keep track of your records for major environmental laws and OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard.

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