Governing Law and Regulations
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Water
Virginia Department of General Services Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services (DCLS)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Virginia generally follows the federal Clean Water Act in requiring effluent toxicity monitoring on a case-by-case basis. The state requires bioassays if technology-based effluent limitations do not ensure compliance with water quality standards. For more information about the federal requirements, see the national section BIOASSAYS/BIOMONITORING.
The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is fully authorized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to issue Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permits and other state permits for wastewater discharges in Virginia. The VPDES permits may contain testing requirements for toxicity. The state may also reopen a VPDES permit to add new toxicity reduction or elimination requirements on the basis of the biomonitoring results. For more information about VPDES permits, see the state section NPDES PERMIT.
The state has also ...