Virginia Bioassays and Biomonitoring: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permits: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 25-31-10 to 25-31-940

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Bioassays: 9 VAC 25-31-220

Publicly owned treatment works (POTWs): 9 VAC 25-31-100

Drinking water laboratory certification: 1 VAC 30-41-10 to 30-41-500

Environmental laboratory certification: 1 VAC 30-45 and 1 VAC 30-46

Proficiency testing: 1 VAC 30-45-500 to 530 and 1 VAC 30-46-210

Regulatory Agencies

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Water

Virginia Department of General Services Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services (DCLS)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia generally follows the federal Clean Water Act in requiring effluent toxicity monitoring on a case-by-case basis. The state requires bioassays if technology-based effluent limitations do not ensure compliance with water quality standards. For more information about the federal requirements, see the national section BIOASSAYS/BIOMONITORING.

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is fully authorized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to issue Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permits and other state permits for wastewater discharges in Virginia. The VPDES permits may contain testing requirements for toxicity. The state may also reopen a VPDES permit to add new toxicity reduction or elimination requirements on the basis of the biomonitoring results. For more information about VPDES permits, see the state section NPDES PERMIT.

The state has also ...

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State Requirements

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Virginia Bioassays and Biomonitoring Resources

Bioassays and Biomonitoring Products

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