Governing Law and Regulations
Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) Water Division
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Alabama has adopted by reference EPA's federal effluent limitations. The state's NPDES requirements mandate that best available technology (BAT) be used to treat effluent for the removal of certain pollutants. Typically, all NPDES permits must be renewed every 5 years, with ADEM reviewing all applications to ensure that the discharges would not cause a violation of water quality in the receiving stream. See the national section EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS for additional guidance on BAT.
ADEM may require additional or more stringent effluent limitations or standards necessary to achieve water quality standards established under federal and state water quality regulations.
The state follows federal rules for variance requests from established effluent limitations. Requests for a variance must be submitted to ADEM for consideration. For additional ...