Kansas Thermal Discharges: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Water quality criteria: Kansas Administrative Regulations (KAR) 28-16-28b to 28-16-28e

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Kansas Water Pollution Control Act, Kansas Statutes Annotated (KS Stat. Ann.) 65-3301 to 65-3313

Water temperature standards: KAR 28-16-28e

Regulatory Agency

Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Division of Environment Bureau of Water

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Kansas regulates water temperatures under its general water quality standards. The state also requires that temperature be part of the state's groundwater monitoring system for certain solid waste facilities with groundwater monitoring programs. Therefore, the Kansas Water Pollution Control Program is more stringent than the federal standards since it regulates both surface water and groundwater. See the national sections EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS and GROUNDWATER for more information about the federal groundwater monitoring and protection requirements and surface water quality standards.

Administration and enforcement. KDHE's Bureau of Water administers and enforces the state's Water Quality Program, including thermal discharge requirements under the authority of the Kansas Water Pollution Control Act (KS Stat. Ann. 65-3301 to 65-3313).

State Requirements


KAR 28-16-28e

Kansas provides water temperature standards as minimum conditions of water quality and also provides a set of standards based on usage. As a general rule, a discharge must not raise the temperature of a receiving surface above 32 degrees centigrade (ºC) (90 degrees Fahrenheit (ºF)). ...

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State Requirements

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Kansas Thermal Discharges Resources

Thermal Discharges Products

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