Governing Law and Regulations
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Water Division
Virginia Water Control Board
Virginia Soil and Water Conservation Board
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Virginia has adopted the economic factors, water quality, and federal fundamentally different factors (FDF) variances for wastewater. See the national section WASTEWATER VARIANCES for additional guidance.
The variance may be used as a procedural mechanism when seeking a more or less stringent standard than the one currently applicable to that particular type of industrial facility that may require a Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permit. For additional information about VPDES permits, see the state section NPDES PERMIT.
The state has also developed its own regulations for managing erosion and controlling sedimentation in Virginia's waters.
• Administration and enforcement. DEQ's Water Division is responsible for administering and enforcing the VPDES permit requirements in Virginia.
The Virginia Water Control Board is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the state's wastewater variance requests with final approval by the EPA.