Virginia Jury Duty/ Court Appearance: What you need to know

Under Virginia law, an employer may not discharge or take any other adverse job action against an employee who is called to serve on jury duty. Employees cannot be required to use vacation or sick leave time during their absence. An employer that violates these provisions is guilty of a misdemeanor (VA Code Sec. 18.2-465.1).
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In addition, an employer may not require an employee who spends 4 or more hours in 1 day (including travel time) on jury duty to report to work on or after 5:00 p.m. on the day of the appearance or before 3:00 a.m. on the following day.
Notice. Employees are expected to give employers reasonable notice of a summons.
Business/occupational exemptions. Virginia law exempts most state officials, judges and magistrates, practicing attorneys, and members of police forces and jail officers from serving on juries. There are also other exemptions, including for those performing essential services to a business, commercial, or agricultural enterprise. Requests must be in writing and received 5 days of receipt of the summons ( VA Code Sec. 801-341.1). Contact the county of residence of the prospective juror for more information.
Any person who is summoned or subpoenaed to appear in a court of law as a crime victim or witness has the same protection as a person summoned to jury duty. He or she may not be discharged or have any other employment action taken against him or her or be forced to take vacation or sick leave for the appearance. Defendants in criminal proceedings are exempt (VA Code Sec. §19.2-11.01).
Crime victims. An employer must grant time off to any employee who is a victim of a crime to be present at any criminal proceedings related to the crime. An employee who takes ...

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