Alabama Leave of Absence (FMLA): What you need to know

Some states have comprehensive laws that require employers to grant employees time off for the birth or adoption of a child or to care for a family member with a serious illness. Alabama does not have such a law. However, Alabama employers with 50 or more employees may have leave obligations under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). There are additional details on the FMLA.
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All state employees. State employees receive 4 hours of sick leave for each biweekly period of service. They may take sick leave for their own illness; bodily injury not incurred in the line of duty, or bodily injury or occupational illness incurred in the line of duty but for which special leave is not granted; to take care of a sick member of their immediate family; or for a death in their immediate family.
The law defines immediate family as including the employee's spouse, child, grandchild, parent, grandparent, sibling, parent-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, or a person to whom a strong personal tie exists.
In case of serious disability or illness, sick leave may be advanced to any permanent employee as follows: all accrued sick and annual leave must be exhausted before a request for an advance is made; the absence must be 5 or more days; each application for an advance must be supported by certification from a registered practicing physician; and the total advance cannot at any time exceed 24 days.
Accumulated sick leave may be used for maternity purposes, as long as the employee works until the time she is disabled as a result of the pregnancy, and returns to work as soon as she ceases to be disabled. Employers may require a doctor's verification of the ...

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