The District of Columbia offers family and medical leave protections to public and private employers under its Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) (DC Code Sec. 32-501et seq.).
The Act covers employers with 20 or more employees in the District.
Under the Act, an individual who has been employed by the same employer for one year without a break in service except for regular holiday, sick, or personal leave granted by the employer and has worked for at least 1,000 hours during the 12-month period before the request for the leave is eligible for a family and medical leave.
Family leave. A family leave is available to an eligible employee for:
• The birth of a child
• The placement of a child with the employee for adoption or foster care
• The placement of a child with the employee for whom the employee permanently assumes and discharges parental responsibility
• The care of the employee's family member who has a serious health condition
Medical leave. In addition, a medical leave is available to an eligible employee when the employee becomes unable to perform the functions of his or her position because of a serious health condition.
A family member means:
• A person to whom the employee is related by blood, legal custody, or marriage
• A child who lives with an employee and for whom the employee permanently assumes and discharges parental responsibility
• A person with whom the employee shares, or has shared within the last year, a mutual residence and with whom the employee maintains a committed relationship
The District of Columbia's Rules define a child as a person under the age of 21, persons 21 years of age or older who ...