Some states have comprehensive laws that require employers to grant employees time off for the birth or adoption of a child, or to care for a family member with a serious illness, but Idaho does not have such a law. However, Idaho employers with 50 or more employees are covered by the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). There is additional information and details on the FMLA. Leave Of Absence section. Idaho employers with fewer than 50 employees are free to provide leave time or not, at their own discretion. However, employers in Idaho, as in all states, are bound by the requirements of the federal Pregnancy Disability Act (PDA), which prohibits discrimination against any employee on the basis of a pregnancy-related disability. For practical purposes, this means that disability leave must be granted for pregnancy-related disabilities if the employer would ordinarily grant such leave for other types of disabilities.