Virginia Child Labor: What you need to know

Virginia child labor law distinguishes among minors (children under the age of 18) according to age, type of occupation, daytime and nighttime work, and number of hours worked. There are many exceptions to the law’s requirements and prohibitions depending on the type of work that is performed, the season, the time of school year or week, and the worker’s school status or training. Given the complexity of Virginia child labor law, employers should consult the state Wage and Hour Division/Bureau of Labor and Industries if they wish to employ minors in unusual occupations or hours (VA Code Sec. 40.1-78 et seq.).
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No minor may be employed in any occupation that exposes the child to a recognized hazard capable of causing serious physical harm or death. A child 16 or 17 years of age may, however, engage in hazardous occupations as part of a work-training program in accordance with rules and regulation issued by the Commissioner of Labor.
Employees under 18. No minor under the age of 18 may work in a mine, quarry, tunnel, or underground scaffolding; in occupations involving radioactive substances, ionizing radiation (including X-ray equipment), or explosives; in the operation of grinding, abrasive, polishing, buffing machine, or any power-driven machinery or in oiling, wiping, and cleaning any such machinery; in the production or performance of sexually explicit visual material; in jobs involving dangerous or poisonous chemicals; in manufacturing paints, colors, white lead, or brick tile; in any place where alcoholic beverages are manufactured, bottled, or sold for consumption on the premises (unless the sale of alcoholic beverages is incidental to the main business); in excavation, ...

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