Iowa Deductions from Pay: What you need to know

Iowa law limits an employer's right to make deductions from an employee's pay. Under the Iowa Wage Payment Collection Law, an employer may deduct amounts from an employee's wages only if he employee authorizes the employer to do so in writing for a lawful purpose that is to the employee's own benefit or the employer is required or permitted to do so by state or federal law or by court order (IA Code Sec. 91A.5(1)et seq.). Examples of such lawful deductions are:
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• Social Security contributions
• State and federal taxes
• Wages being garnished by court order ()
• Wages that the employee has assigned to be paid to a creditor
An employer may not deduct from an employee's paycheck to recover for losses resulting from stolen property, including tools and equipment, unless the property was specifically assigned to the employee in question and the employee acknowledged receipt in writing.
An employer may not deduct from an employee's paycheck for a cash shortage from a common money till, cash box, or cash register operated by two or more employees or by an employer and an employee.
However, an employer may enter into a written agreement with a manager, who must be a full-time employee, that the employee may be held responsible for a cash shortage occurring within 45 days before the most recent regular payday. An employer is allowed to have only one agreement of this type in effect per establishment.
An employer may not deduct from an employee's paycheck because of a default in customer credit or nonpayment for goods or services rendered, unless the losses are attributable to the employee's willful or intentional disregard of the ...

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