Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): What you need to know

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), also known as the federal Wage and Hour Law, regulates minimum wage, overtime, equal pay, recordkeeping, and child labor for employees of enterprises engaged in interstate or foreign commerce and employees of state and local governments. The FLSA is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of DOL. Although the FLSA applies in all states, it permits states to regulate areas not covered by the FLSA and to afford workers greater protections. Where state law and the FLSA conflict, employers must follow the provision that is more favorable to the employee. There are a number of employment practices that the FLSA does not regulate. For example, it does not require vacation, holiday, severance, or sick pay; meal or rest periods; time off for holidays or vacations; premium pay for weekend or holiday work; pay raises or fringe benefits; and a discharge notice, reason for discharge, or immediate payment of final wages to terminated employees.
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Employers subject to the FLSA include:
1. All enterprises engaged in interstate commerce or the production of goods for interstate commerce
2. All hospitals, schools, and public agencies, regardless of size
Small businesses that are not engaged in interstate commerce and have an annual gross volume under $500,000 are not covered.
Employees of firms that are not covered by the FLSA may still be subject to its provisions if they are individually engaged in interstate commerce or in the production of goods for interstate commerce. This includes employees who work in communications or transportation; regularly use the mail, telephones, or telegraph for interstate communication, or keep records of interstate transactions; handle, ...

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