There are many reasons an employer might consider hiring part-time employees. In fact, depending on the needs of a particular business, the options for using part-time employees are virtually endless. Some employees simply cannot work full time because of child care, school, medical, or other reasons and will be able to continue to work only if part-time schedules are offered. Employers can, in fact, attract skilled workers by offering part-time schedules to those who cannot work full time and retain valuable employees who might otherwise leave their jobs for similar concerns. Hiring part-time employees can keep costs down by reducing the need for overtime and paying fewer benefits.
Companies might use part-time employees in these situations:
· As an alternative to layoffs
· To reduce the workload for a particular job, in a department, or during a busy season
· To perform a specific special task that does not require full-time hours
· When a disability makes it difficult for a particular employee to work full time
· As an accommodation under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
· To allow an employee to take intermittent leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act
· As a short-term return-to-work arrangement (e.g., pregnancy/workers' compensation injury)
· When an employee is in school working toward an advanced degree
Employers might consider hiring retirees, college students, and interns to add value to their existing, full-time staff. Retirees have the experience that employers are looking for, and college students and interns not only bring new ideas and energy but also make an excellent pool of possible permanent employees after they complete school.