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Missouri Maternity and Pregnancy: What you need to know

The Missouri Human Rights Act (MHRA) prohibits employment practices that discriminate because of an individual’s sex.
The MHRA covers all public employers and private employers with six or more employees within the state (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 213.010 et seq.).
Generally sex discrimination includes practices based on pregnancy and childbirth.
Specifically, guidance issued by the Missouri Commission on Human Rights provides that a written or unwritten employment policy or practice that excludes applicants or employees from employment because of pregnancy is in prima facie violation of the MHRA and may be justified only upon showing of business necessity (8 CSR 60–3(16)).
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Missouri does not have a state law that specifically requires employers to offer pregnancy leave; however, guidance issued by the Missouri Commission on Human Rights pursuant to the MHRA requires employers to provide the same leave benefits to women affected by pregnancy and related conditions as are provided to employees with temporary disabilities. (8 CSR 60–3(16)).
Specifically, disabilities caused or contributed to by pregnancy, miscarriage, legal abortion, childbirth and recovery are, for all job-related purposes, temporary disabilities and should be treated as such under any health or temporary disability insurance or sick leave plan available in connection with employment.
Written or unwritten employment policies and practices involving matters such as the commencement and duration of leave, the availability of extensions, the accrual of seniority and other benefits and privileges, reinstatement and payment under any health or temporary disability insurance or sick leave, plan, ...

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