The North Carolina Equal Employment Practices Act prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex, which includes discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions. As a general rule, female employees affected by one of these must be treated the same for all employment-related purposes, including receipt of benefits under employee benefit programs, as employees with other types of temporary disabilities. The Act covers all employers with 15 or more employees (NC Gen. Stat. Art. 49 Sec. 143-416.1 et seq.).