The New York Human Rights Law prohibits employment practices that discriminate based on race or color. The law applies to employers with four or more employees (NY Exec. Law Sec. 296et seq.). Under the Law, it is unlawful for an employer to:
• Refuse to hire or employ or to discharge an individual or discriminate against such individual in compensation or in terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because of race or color.
• Print or circulate any advertisement or publication or use any form of application for employment that expresses any limitation, specification, or discrimination as to race or color, unless based on a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ).
• Make any inquiry in connection with prospective employment that expresses directly or indirectly any limitation, specification, or discrimination as to race or color, unless based on a BFOQ.
• Aid, incite, compel, or coerce the doing of any of the acts forbidden under the law or attempt to do so.
• Discharge, expel, or otherwise discriminate against an individual who has opposed any unlawful discriminatory practice, filed a complaint, testified, or assisted in any proceeding under the law.
• Deny admittance to an apprenticeship training program, on-the-job training program, executive training program, or other occupational training or retraining program because of race or color.
Discrimination based on association. The 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that federal law prohibiting race discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 applies when an employer takes an adverse employment action against an employee because of the employee's association with a person of another race (Holcomb v. Iona College,521 F.3d 130 ...