Private employers. The Virginia Human Rights Act (VHRA) prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of religion (VA Code Sec. 2.2-3900 et seq.). A separate provision of the VHRA prohibits employers with more than 5 but fewer than 15 employees from discharging an employee on the basis of religion (VA Stat. Sec. 2.2-3903). The provision allows a former employee to bring a civil action in a general district or circuit court but applies only when there has been a discharge from employment.
Public employers.An Executive Order issued by the governor (EO No. 1 (2014)) prohibits employment discrimination in state government on the basis of race, sex, color, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, political affiliation, or disability.