North Carolina has no specific law or regulation requiring employers to conduct fire drills. However, local fire safety codes may contain additional requirements.
The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) standards, adopted by North Carolina's own occupational safety and health act, require that companies with 10 or more employees have written fire prevention and emergency exit plans for each workplace. To ensure that the exit plan can be executed properly in an actual emergency, it is advisable to rehearse regularly, with annual or semiannual drills. Employers with fewer than 10 employees may communicate the plans orally.
Any fire prevention plan should also include fire drill procedures and safety precautions for avoiding a fire. Fire drills should be conducted as frequently as once every 6 months or up to once a year, depending on the needs of the facility. After the fire drill, the employer should conduct an employee briefing to evaluate the effectiveness of the plan.
There is a more detailed discussion of federal OSH Act emergency and fire plan requirements.