Minnesota has no state laws requiring employers to have a dispensary at the worksite or to keep a doctor or nurse on call to treat workplace injuries. However, the state's health and safety code requires standards at least as effective as those of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act). The federal OSH Act requires every employer to ensure that medical personnel are readily available for advice and consultation and that when an infirmary, clinic, or hospital is not within close proximity to the workplace, there is an individual (or individuals) who is adequately trained to administer first aid. According to OSHA, "close proximity" means that in areas where accidents resulting in suffocation, severe bleeding, or other life-threatening or permanently disabling injury or illness can be expected, a 3- to 4-minute response time (from time of injury to time of administering medical treatment or first aid) is required. In other circumstances, such as where a life-threatening or permanently disabling injury is an unlikely outcome of an accident, a longer response time, such as 15 minutes, is acceptable.
Employers are responsible for making decisions about the details of emergency medical care in their workplaces, depending on the size of the company, the kinds of hazards present, the history of accidents, and the costs of various options.
Minnesota follows federal standards for workplace medical treatment. An explanation of federal requirements and a description of an effective workplace medical program is available.