The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has concluded that effective management of worker safety and health will result in reducing the extent and the severity of work-related injuries and illnesses. The four basic elements of an effective safety management program are:
• Management leadership and employee involvement
• Hazard analysis
• Prevention and control
• Employee training
The agency believes that effective management will address all work-related hazards, including potential hazards that could result from a change in worksite conditions or practices. Effective management will address hazards whether or not they are regulated by government standards.