Virginia Political Activity: What you need to know

Virginia law does not require employers to give employees time off, paid or unpaid, to vote in any election. However, many employers allow employees to use personal days or unpaid time off for this purpose.
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Employees who miss work to serve as election officers cannot be discharged, required to use sick leave or vacation time, or have any other adverse personnel action taken against them, provided that they give their employer reasonable notice of their absence. If the employee has served 4 or more hours, the employer cannot require the employee to begin a work shift after 5:00 p.m. following their service or before 3:00 a.m. the next day. Any employer that violates this act is guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor.
State employees are free to express opinions to state or local elected officials on matters of public concern. State employees may not be subjected to acts of retaliation because the employee has expressed such opinions. "Matters of public concern" are those issues of interest to the community as a whole, whether for social, political, or other reasons, including discussions that disclose any evidence of corruption, impropriety, or other malfeasance on the part of government officials; violations of law; or incidence of fraud, abuse, or gross mismanagement (VA Stat. Sec. 2.2- 2902.1).

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