As mentioned above, Idaho recognizes several exceptions to the doctrine of at-will employment. Specifically, state law prohibits employers from discharging employees for engaging in the following activities:
Court attendance. Employers may not discipline or discharge employees for absence resulting from a summons to jury duty (ID Code Sec. 2-218).
State employers must permit any employee to attend court when he or she is required to appear as a witness or a party in any proceeding not connected with official state duty. The employee may use accrued leave or leave without pay (ID Admin. Code Sec. 15.04.01.250.06).
Lie detector tests. An employer may not require an employee to take a polygraph test as a condition for employment or continuation of employment (ID Code Sec. 44-903).
Political activities. It is illegal under Idaho law for a state government employer to threaten discipline or discharge in order to influence an employee's political opinions or activities (ID Code Sec. 67-5311).
Tobacco use.Employers are prohibited from retaliating against an employee for filing a complaint under the state Clean Indoor Air Act (ID Code Sec. 39-5506).
Wages. No employer may discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any employee:
• Because the employee has made a complaint that he or she has not been paid wages in accordance with the state wage law;
• Because the employee has instituted or is about to institute proceedings under or related to the state wage law;