Virtually all employers are covered by the Iowa Employment Security Law and are therefore subject to the state unemployment insurance tax (IA Code Sec. 96.1 et seq.). For example, covered employers include organizations that:
• In either the current or preceding calendar year, employed one or more people for some portion of a day in each of 20 different calendar weeks or paid wages of $1,500 or more in any calendar quarter;
• Acquired the business of a covered employer;
• Are subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA);
• Are agricultural employers and, in the current or preceding calendar year, paid $20,000 or more in wages during any quarter or employed at least 10 people on one day in each of 20 different weeks;
• Are employers of domestic servants and paid cash wages of $1,000 or more in any quarter;
• Elected to be covered (IA Code Sec. 96.19).
Governmental bodies are covered except with regard to elected officials, judges, political appointees, prison inmates, and temporary emergency workers.
The law excludes certain services from coverage, including, for example, services provided by:
• Students working for schools, colleges, or universities;
• Students working for workstudy programs;
• Spouses of students working for schools; and
• Real estate salespersons (IA Code Sec. 96.19).