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Alabama Aliens and Immigration: What you need to know

The federal Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) requires employers to verify the legal status and right to work of all new hires. To satisfy verification requirements, employers should ask all new hires for documents establishing both identity and work authorization. There is additional information and details on these requirements.
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All employers in the state of Alabama are required to verify the legal status of their employees (HB 56, codified as Ala. Code Sec. 31-13-10 et seq.).
Employers with fewer than 25 employees may seek assistance from the Alabama E-Verify Employer Agent Office. Employers found in violation of the law may have their business licenses suspended or revoked.
State contractors and subcontractors. Employers with state contracts and subcontracts are also required to enroll in and use E-Verify.
IRCA and all subsequent amendments regulate the employment status of aliens.
Preemption of state laws. IRCA provisions "preempt any state or local law imposing civil or criminal sanctions (other than through licensing and similar laws) upon those who employ or recruit or refer for a fee for employment unauthorized aliens" (8 USC Sec. 1324a(h)(2)).
As noted, there is an exception for state laws that require suspension or revocation of licenses (for example, business licenses) if an employer has violated IRCA. However, a number of state and local governments have enacted additional provisions intended to further outlaw and discourage the employment of illegal aliens in their jurisdictions. IRCA's preemption provision is broadly ...

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