An apprenticeship is an on-the-job training program that combines classroom instruction or education with work performance under the close supervision of a qualified journeyperson in the craft, trade, or profession.
The state Department of Labor and Industry's Apprenticeship and Training Program governs Montana's voluntary apprenticeship state program. The Program provides consulting and technical assistance to employers in setting up apprenticeship programs and monitors existing apprenticeship programs to ensure compliance with standards. It also provides information to the public and maintains or revises apprenticeship training standards to ensure the quality of the training. Local and state joint apprenticeship committees composed of employers and employees or their representatives prepare agreements describing conditions of employment for a specific employee or, generally, for apprentices (MT Code Sec. 39-6-101 et seq.; MT Admin. Rules Sec. 24.21.411).
An employer may establish an apprenticeship program that compensates employees who are being trained in a certain trade, craft, or business with both on-the-job and classroom training. Employer and apprentice must sign an agreement that describes the conditions of employment and meets apprenticeship standards.
The program is voluntary, which means it applies to an employer and employee only after they have voluntarily elected to conform to its provisions.