State law and the ADA have similar restrictions for medical exams.
Applicants. State law and the ADA allow employers to require medical exams for both applicants and employees, but with certain restrictions. Employers may not require applicants to undergo an exam before a job offer has been made. However, once an offer has been made and before an applicant begins work, an employer may require an exam and condition the job offer on the exam results, provided:
• The exam is given to all applicants who have been offered jobs in the same job category, regardless of disability; and
• Information gathered during the exam is maintained on separate forms and in separate files, and is treated as a confidential medical record.