The Ohio Fair Employment Practice Law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, military status, national origin, disability, age, and ancestry, unless a protected characteristic is required in order to perform the job in question, i.e., is a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ). The law includes a detailed definition of disability that specifically includes a number of diseases, such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, autism, muscular dystrophy, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, mental retardation, emotional illness, drug addiction, and alcoholism.
In addition, employers are prohibited from using any employment application, or printing or circulating any statement, advertisement, or publication that indicates any discriminatory limitation or specification. The law covers all public employers and private employers with four or more employees (OH Rev. Code Sec. 4112.01 et seq.).