The federal Workforce Investment Act (WIA) supersedes the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA), and encompasses such federal training acts as the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act and the Wagner-Peyser Act. These, and others like them, call for a partnership of public agencies and private employers to plan and deliver training programs for unemployed workers, dislocated workers, or workers who have had previous difficulty in getting or keeping work. The program gives each state three block grants targeting adult employment and training, disadvantaged youth employment and training, adult education, and family literacy programs. The federal government retains oversight, reviews state programs, and rejects those that don't meet the WIA's standards.
The WIA requires that each state establish a state partnership made up of the state's governor; his or her representatives; and representatives of business, labor, youth activity organizations, vocational and adult education, state agency officials, and state legislators. The partnership must develop a detailed, thorough 3-year plan for submission to the federal secretary of labor, which must describe how the state will spend the funds for adults, dislocated workers, and youth.
Each state must establish a one-stop training system with at least one center in each local area that provides core services, including determination of eligibility, outreach, intake and orientation, skill level assessment, case management assistance, job search and placement, information regarding job opportunities and about the performance of local providers.
The WIA is strongly supported ...