The federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) supersedes the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) and encompasses such federal training acts as the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, and the Wagner-Peyser Act. The Act calls for a partnership of public agencies and private employers to plan and deliver training programs for unemployed workers, dislocated workers, or workers who have had previous difficulty in getting or keeping work. The program gives each state three block grants targeting adult employment and training, disadvantaged youth employment and training, and adult education and family literacy programs.
There is additional information and a comprehensive discussion of federal training programs, including the federal WIA.
The WIA requires that each state establish a state partnership made up of the state's governor; his or her representatives; and representatives of business, labor, youth activity organizations, vocation and adult education, state agency officials, and state legislators. The partnership must develop a detailed, thorough 3-year plan for submission to the federal secretary of labor, which must describe how the state will spend the funds for adults, dislocated workers, and youth.
Each state must establish a one-stop training system, with at least one center in each local area. All of the state's mandatory programs must be part of that one-stop center. The center must provide determination of eligibility; outreach; intake and orientation; skill level assessment; case management assistance; and job search and placement; information regarding job opportunities and information about the ...