Florida Unions: What you need to know

The right of workers in private employment to form unions and bargain collectively with their employers is guaranteed by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) and related federal laws. The NLRA is preemptive, meaning it supersedes state law in the areas it covers. However, in areas not covered by the NLRA, such as the rights of public employees, and the rights of private employees who are not engaged in interstate commerce, the states are free to make their own provisions.
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Florida's Union Regulation Law (FL Stat. Sec. 447.01et seq.) supplements the federal guarantees. This law extends to workers not covered by the NLRA the right to organize and bargain collectively. It also sets strict criteria for the conduct of union activities.
Strikes. All employees except those in the public sector have the right to strike under the law (FL Stat. Sec. 447.13). Unions may not strike without a majority of workers in the unit voting via a secret ballot. Unions may not unlawfully seize or occupy property during a labor dispute or interfere with the progress of work because of a jurisdictional dispute (FL Stat. Sec. 447.09).
Picketing. Unions are prohibited to picket beyond the area of industry or employment within which a labor dispute arises, or to picket by force or violence or picket to prevent the ingress to or egress from the premises (FL Stat. Sec. 447.09).
The federal protections are the governing law of the state for private employees engaged in interstate commerce. Additional information on these protections is available.
The federal labor law leaves to the states all questions involving the unionization of public employees. The Florida Public Employees Labor Relations ...

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