The federal labor law leaves to the states all questions involving the unionization of public employees. Idaho law expressly provides that teachers (ID Code Sec. 33-1271) and firefighters (ID Code Sec. 44-1802) have the right to organize and bargain collectively.
The Idaho Supreme Court has held that public employees, such as teachers, do not have a constitutionally guaranteed right to strike (School Dist. No. 351 Oneida County v. Oneida Educ. Ass’n, 567 P.2d 830 (1977)). Firefighters are prohibited from striking “upon consummation and during the term of the written contract or agreement” (ID Code Sec. 44-1811). However, firefighters may strike during the period of time after the expiration of a collective bargaining agreement and before a new agreement has been reached (Local 1494 of Int’l Ass’n of Firefighters v. City of Coeur d’Alene, 586 P.2d 1346 (Idaho 1986)).