Alabama Violence in the Workplace: What you need to know

State law provides that a person is justified in using physical force upon another person in order to defend himself or herself or a third person from what he or she reasonably believes to be is the use or imminent use of unlawful physical force by that other person. A person may use deadly physical force, and is legally presumed to be justified in using deadly physical force in self-defense or the defense of another person, if the person reasonably believes that another person:

  • Is using or about to use unlawful deadly physical force; using or about to use physical force against an occupant of a dwelling while committing or attempting to commit a burglary in the dwelling;
  • Is committing or about to commit a kidnapping, assault in the first or second degree, burglary, robbery, forcible rape, or forcible sodomy;
  • Is in the process of unlawfully and forcibly entering, or has unlawfully and forcibly entered, a dwelling, residence, or occupied vehicle, or federally licensed nuclear power facility;
  • Is in the process of sabotaging or attempting to sabotage a federally licensed nuclear power facility; or
  • Is attempting to remove, or has forcibly removed, a person against his or her will from any dwelling, residence, or occupied vehicle when the person has a legal right to be there, provided that the person using the deadly physical force knows or has reason to believe that an unlawful and forcible entry or unlawful and forcible act is occurring.
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An individual authorized to use deadly physical force has no duty to retreat and has the right to stand his or her ground.(AL Code Sec. 13A-3-20 and 13A-3-23).

Exceptions. Deadly physical force is not permitted when:

  • The person against whom the defensive force is used has the ...

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Use of Deadly Force

State Requirements

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