Washington Material Handling - General: What you need to know

Washington has adopted workplace material-handling rules in general industry for forklifts, cranes, and derricks that are stricter than federal rules. The state has also adopted stricter general industry rules for storing items, chain and electric hoists, air hoists, clearances for aisles and passageways, guarding for fall hazards, and rolling railcars. The state rules for single and multipiece rim wheels (WAC 296-864-100 to WAC 296-864-700) mirror federal rules, except for one additional element for employee training related to mixing wheel sizes.

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See the state Forklifts topic for more information about powered industrial trucks and forklifts. See the state Cranes and Slings topic for more information about cranes, slings, derricks, and hoists.

Under federal rules, material handling activities include the use of hoisting equipment (cranes, derricks, helicopters, and slings) and powered industrial trucks (forklifts). Under Washington rules, material handling and storage includes cranes, derricks, hoists, rigging, and rolling railroad cars. Forklift, helicopter, and multipiece rim wheel provisions are covered under separate rules.

The Washington Department of Labor and Industries (DLI) administers and enforces workplace safety and health rules.

WAC 296-800-22035

Secure stored items such as bundles, containers, and bags to prevent them from falling, sliding, or collapsing by doing one or more of the following:

  • Stacking
  • Racking
  • Blocking
  • Interlocking
  • Otherwise securing them

Make sure stored items are limited in height so that they are stable and secure to prevent sliding or collapse.

WAC 296-800-22035

Where mechanical handling ...

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