According to Maryland's General Health Code, if an employer tests applicants or employees for a job-related reason for the use or abuse of controlled substances or alcohol, the state requires that certain procedures be followed. Among the law's provisions and requirements, an employer must do the following:
An employer may use a preliminary screening procedure to test an applicant for the use or abuse of any controlled dangerous substance, unless the employer has entered into a collective bargaining agreement that prohibits the employer from doing so. If the result is positive, the employer must submit the specimen for testing by a laboratory (MD Code Health-Gen. Sec. 170-214).
Violation of this law constitutes a misdemeanor. If convicted, the violator will be subject to fines not to exceed $100 for a first offense and not to exceed $500 for each subsequent violation. Each day a violation is continued after the first conviction is a subsequent offense (MD Code Health-Gen. Sec. 17-216).
The Maryland Fair Employment Practices Act prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of certain ...