State law regulates drug and alcohol testing of job applicants and employees (VT Stat. Tit. 21 Sec. 511et seq.). The law applies to all employers in the state.
Applicant testing. Employers may test applicants only if they do all of the following:
Employee testing. Random or companywide testing is prohibited unless required by federal law. Employers may test specific employees as a condition of continued employment only if all the following conditions are met:
Employers may not terminate employees with positive test results if they agree to enter an assistance program and complete it successfully. An employee may be suspended only for the period of time needed to complete the program, but not longer than 3 months. An employee may be terminated if, after completion of the program, the employee fails a drug test administered by the employer.
Note. An employer is entitled to prohibit the non prescribed use of drugs or alcohol during work hours. Employers retain the authority to discipline, suspend ...