The Alaska Human Rights Law prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of disability. The Law covers all public and private employers regardless of size, except for nonprofit educational, charitable, and religious associations (AK Stat. Sec. 18.80.010et seq.). 'Disability' Defined
A "disability" is defined as:
- A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities;
- A history of or being misclassified as having such an impairment;
- Being perceived as having such an impairment; or
- A condition that may require the use of a prosthesis, special equipment for mobility, or a service animal.
Physical or mental impairment. Physical or mental impairment means a physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organs, respiratory including speech organs, cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitourinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin, and endocrine.
An impairment also includes a mental or psychological disorder such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities.
Major life activities. "Major life activities" are functions such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working (AK Stat. Sec. 18.80.300).
Federal law compared. Although the federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has similar provisions to the state law, amendments changed the ADA's definition of a "regarded as" disability. Under the amended ADA, a person is regarded as having an ADA disability if he or she is subjected to an adverse employment ...