"I've never run into anyone who has admitted liking to write job descriptions," says Martin Simon, legal editorat HR.BLR.com, State HR Answers and Tools Online. "But these tools, sometimes called position descriptions, are critical to effective and legal human resource administration."
Job descriptions are typically used to drive recruitment campaigns, set expectations for new workers, establish salary grade levels for groups of jobs, and align individual goals and activities with an organization's strategic objectives. A good job description follows a simple but consistent format that describes key roles played by that job, as well as "essential functions." A job description should not set physical tasks that would run into compliance problems with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
ADA compliance is one standard when creating job descriptions, "but it's in the area of compliance with the FLSA's new overtime regulations where job descriptions have increased in importance," Simon stressed. "If written correctly, the job description should clearly list the skills required. Using the duties in that document, along with salary data and knowledge of the new overtime regulations, it should be easy to substantiate to the Department of Labor (DOL) that a job be considered exempt or nonexempt from overtime." The DOL goes further on this point: "The exempt or nonexempt status of any particular employee must be determined on the basis of whether the employee's salary and duties meet the requirements of the regulations."
Hundreds of sample job descriptions
Writing job descriptions takes valuable time from other important HR tasks, which is why they are frequently overlooked. Fortunately at www.HR.BLR.com there are several hundred sample job descriptions, plus HR checklists, forms, letters, and state HR analysis. Employers may obtain a free copy of an HR.BLR.com article that summarizes job descriptions' importance at http://www.blr.com/82008400/jobs.cfm.
Old Saybrook, Conn.-based Business & Legal Reports, Inc. has published plain-English HR compliance and training materials since 1977.
BLR: John Brady