Private employees. State law does not require employers to pay employees for absences caused by jury duty or court appearances. Although not required to do so, many employers do pay all employees called to jury duty or court appearances, regardless of exempt or nonexempt status.
Courts in Hawaii do pay jurors a per diem fee plus mileage. There is no state law that requires employers to reimburse employees for the difference between jury fees and their regular pay.
State employees. State workers are allowed reasonable time off with pay for jury or witness duty.
The prevailing attitude among employers is that an employee summoned to serve on a jury or to testify has a civic obligation to do so and that it is the company's responsibility to support the fulfillment of that obligation. This is achieved by protecting the employee from loss of income and by making the necessary arrangements to cover for him or her during the required absence.
This is not to say that problems won't arise when an individual is kept out of work for weeks at a time, or when an employee in a position of crucial importance is called to jury or witness duty unexpectedly. But for the most part, employers seem to be willing to reimburse their employees for a reasonable length of time spent serving on a jury or as a witness. Some courts pay jurors a ...